Familiar with foreign trade business negotiation skills
The trade talks are actually a kind of dialogue. In this dialogue, both sides explain their own situations, state their opinions, listen to each other's proposals, make offers, and make counter-proposals. They also back up, concede each other, and finally reach an agreement. With mastery of negotiation skills, you can be proactive in dialogue; the following negotiating techniques:
Listen more and talk less
The biggest weakness of inexperienced negotiators is that they cannot listen to each other's speeches. They think that their task is to talk about their own situation, to say what they want to say, and to refute their opposition. Therefore, in the negotiations, they always thought of what they should say below. Without paying attention to the other party's speech, many valuable information would be lost. They erroneously believe that good negotiators grasp the initiative of negotiation because they speak much more. In fact, successful negotiators use more than 50% of the time to negotiate. They listen, think, analyze and constantly ask questions to each other to ensure that they understand each other perfectly. They listen carefully to each other's words, not only what they think is important, or what they want to hear, so they get a lot of valuable information and increase their bargaining power. Effective listening can enable us to understand the needs of importers, find new solutions to problems, and revise our offers or counter offers. "Talking" is a task, and "listening" is a kind of ability, or even a kind of talent. "Listening" is a condition that any successful negotiator must possess. In the negotiations, we must try to encourage the other party to say more. We must say â€œYesâ€ and â€œPlease go onâ€ to the other party and ask the other party to ask questions so that the other party can talk more about their situation so that they can understand each otherâ€™s purpose as much as possible. .
Cleverly asked questions
The second important technique for negotiation is to raise questions. By asking questions, we can not only obtain information that is not normally available, but also confirm our past judgment. Exporters use open-ended questions to understand the needs of importers because such issues can allow importers to talk freely about their needs. For example: "Can you tell me more about your campany?" "What do you think of our proposal?" For foreigners' answers, we must write down key and key issues for future use.
After the offer, the importer often asks: "Can not you do better than that?" To ask this question, we should not make concessions, but we should ask: "What is meant by better?" or "Better than what?" Enable importers to explain in what ways they are not satisfied. For example, the importer would say: "Your competitor is offering better terms." At this time, we can continue to ask until we fully understand the competitor's offer. Then, we can explain to each other that our offer is different and actually better than our competitors. If the other party gives us an ambiguous answer to our request, such as â€œNo problemâ€, we do not accept it, but we should ask him to answer it specifically. In addition, before asking questions, especially during the initial stages of negotiations, we should solicit the consent of the other party. This has two advantages: First, if the other party agrees with us, it will be more cooperative in answering questions; second, if the other party's answer is " Yes, this positive reply will create a positive atmosphere for the negotiations and bring a good start.
Use condition question
After both parties have a preliminary understanding of each other, the negotiations will enter the offer and counter-offer phase. At this stage, we must use more tentative conditions to further understand each other's specific situation in order to revise our offer.
Conditional questions consist of a conditional adverbial clause and a question. This question can be either a special question or an ordinary question. Typical conditional questions are "What...if" and "If...then". For example: "What would you do if we agree to a two-year contract?" and "If we modif your specifications, would you consider a larger order?" Conditional questions have many special advantages in international business negotiations.
1, mutual concessions. The offer and proposal made up of conditional questions are premised on the other partyâ€™s acceptance of our terms. In other words, our offer is only established when the other party accepts our terms, and therefore we will not be unilaterally The constraints of the disc will not allow any party to make unilateral concessions. Only by giving each step, the transaction can be achieved.
2. Get information. If the other party counters the offer made by us using conditional questions, the other party will provide us with valuable information indirectly, specifically and in a timely manner. For example, we propose: "What if we agree to a two-year contract? Would you give us exclusive distribution rights in our territory?" The other person replied: "We would be ready to give you exclusive rights porvided you agree to a three- Year contract.â€ From the answer, we can judge that the other party is concerned about long-term cooperation. The newly acquired information will be helpful for future negotiations.
3. Seek common ground. If the other party rejects our condition, we can use other conditions to form a new conditional question and make a new offer to the other party. The other party can also use our conditional question to provide a counter to us. Both sides continue to negotiate and make concessions until they find important common ground.
4, instead of "No". In the negotiation, if you say "No" directly to the other party, the other party will feel no face and both parties will feel embarrassed. The negotiation will even result in an impasse. If we replace "No" with a conditional question, the above situation will not happen. For example, when the other party asks for an additional request that we cannot agree with, we can ask the other person a conditional question: "Would you be willing to meet the extra cost if we meet your additional requirements?" If the other party is not willing to pay an additional fee, it refuses. We will not lose our cooperation because of our own requirements.
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